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[France] Balzac. Cire de l'Institut Royal de France.
[France] Balzac. Cire de l'Institut Royal de France.
Maurin. Lith de Delpech, a Paris.
[n.d. c.1830.]
Lithograph. 457 x 312mm. 18 x 12¼".
Jean-Louis Guez de Balzac (1594-1654), man of letters and critic, one of the original members of the Académie Française; he had a great influence on the development of Classical French prose.
[Ref: 14356]   £160.00   (£192.00 incl.VAT)
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Don Carlos.
Don Carlos.
[After Maurin.] Lith. de Lemercier rue du Four S.G. No.35.
A Paris chez Chaillou Editeur rue St Honoré No. 140.
Lithograph, image 165 x 135mm (6½ x 5"). Wove paper; uncut sheet; foxing; publisher's blindstamp.
The Infante Carlos of Spain (1788-1855), son of Charles IV of Spain and first of the Carlist claimants to the Spanish throne. Shortly before his death, Carlos' brother king Ferdinand VII had changed the law (the 'Pragmatic Sanction') to permit his daughter Isabella to succeed to the throne. Carlos' claim to the throne was founded upon the illegality of the Pragmatic Sanction. From this dispute the First Carlist War took place in the 1830s, only definitively concluding in 1840, by which time Carlos had left Spain for France. From a series of portraits of European monarchs by lithographer Antoine Maurin dit l'aîné (1793 - 1860).
[Ref: 34522]   £95.00   (£114.00 incl.VAT)
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Le G.al Mina.
Le G.al Mina.
Lith. de Lemercier rue du Four S.G. No.35
Paris chez Chaillou Editeur rue St Honoré No. 140
Lithograph, image 175 x 120mm (7 x 4¾"). Wove paper; uncut sheet; foxing to margins; publisher's blindstamp.
Francisco Espoz Ilundain (1781-1836), better known as Francisco Espoz y Mina, Spanish guerilla and general. Espoz y Mina first established himself running a guerilla group after Napoleon actions in Spain in 1810, and soon after the national government made him a commander-in-chief. Later in the Peninsular Wars he served under the Duke of Wellington. The restoration of Ferdinand VII saw him fall from favour, and he tried to organise two uprisings against the king. Having escaped to England, he returned to Spain following Ferdinand's death, although the government continued to fear his radicalism. From a series of portraits by lithographer Antoine Maurin dit l'aîné (1793 - 1860).
[Ref: 34515]   £90.00   (£108.00 incl.VAT)
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Ferdinand VII,
Ferdinand VII, Roi d'Espagne.
A. Maurin 1833 [in image]. Lith. de Lemercier rue du Four S.G. No.35
Paris chez Chaillou Editeur rue St Honoré No. 140
Lithograph, image 165 x 115mm (6½ x 4½") very large margins. Messy. Uncut sheet; repaired tears in margins; publisher's blindstamp.
Ferdinand VII (1784-1833), twice king of Spain (1808; 1813-33). Overthrown by Napoleon in 1808, the French Emperor acknowledged him as king again in 1813. Towards the end of his life he married Maria Christina, with whom he had a daughter, Isabella, who subsequently became queen. From a series of portraits by lithographer Antoine Maurin dit l'aîné (1793 - 1860).
For Isabella II as a child, see ref. 19410; for Maria Christina, see ref. 34517.
[Ref: 55964]   £95.00   (£114.00 incl.VAT)
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Gregoire XVI,  Pape le 2 Fevrier 1831.
Gregoire XVI, Pape le 2 Fevrier 1831.
A Maurin [signed in plate.] Lith Ligny Freres, R. Quincampoix No.38.
Paris, chez Rosselin, Editeur, 21 Quai Voltaire. No.120. [n.d., c.1835.]
Lithograph, sheet 355 x 275mm. 14 x 10¾".
Pope Gregory XVI (1765 1846), born Bartolomeo Alberto Cappellari, named Mauro as a member of the religious order of the Camaldolese, was Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 1831 to 1846. Strongly conservative and traditionalist, he opposed democratic and modernizing reforms in the Papal States and throughout Europe, seeing them as fronts for revolutionary leftism, and sought to strengthen the religious and political authority of the papacy.
[Ref: 12368]   £60.00   (£72.00 incl.VAT)
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Dona Maria,
Dona Maria, Reine de Portugal
A. Maurin 1832 [in image]. Lith. de Lemercier rue du Four S.G. No.35
Paris chez Chaillou Editeur rue St Honoré No. 140.
Lithograph, image 175 x 130mm (7 x 5") with very large margins. Uncut sheet; publisher's blindstamp.
Dona Maria II (1819-53), queen regent of Portugal and the Algarves from 1826-28, and from 1834-53, here portrayed at the age of around thirteen. Maria had been nominated by the elderly King Joao VI to serve as regent (as his favoured son Pedro was emperor of Brazil), but in 1828 the Joao's exiled son Miguel deposed Maria, proclaiming himself king. Thereafter Maria travelled to various European courts in search of support. Pedro later joined forces with Maria, warring with Miguel and forcing him to abdicate, restoring Maria to the throne. From a series of portraits by lithographer Antoine Maurin dit l'aîné (1793 - 1860).
For satirical representations of Maria visiting the British court, see refs. 30507, 30545 and 30249.
[Ref: 55963]   £95.00   (£114.00 incl.VAT)
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Marie Christine,
Marie Christine, Reine d'Espagne
A. Maurin 1833 [in image]. Lith. de Lemercier rue du Four S.G. No.35
Paris chez Chaillou Editeur rue St Honoré No. 140
Lithograph, image 175 x 125mm (7 x 5"). Wove paper; uncut sheet; foxing to margins; publisher's blindstamp.
Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies (1806-78), Queen consort of Spain (1829-33) and Regent of Spain (1833-40). Maria Christina married the Spanish king Ferdinand VII in 1829, becoming regent for her daughter Isabella (the future Queen Isabella II of Spain). During the Carlist Wars (which ensued when Isabella's uncle Infante Carlos, Count of Molina tried to seize power), Maria Christina retained the throne for her daughter. Soon after the death of Ferdinand VII in 1833, Maria Christina secretly married a royal guard, Agustín Fernando Muñoz (1808-73), as to remarry publicly would have forfeited her regency. Eventually, the marriage became public and, as her position became increasingly intolerable, Maria Christina renounced the regency and left Spain with Muñoz, spending the remainder of her life in France. From a series of portraits by lithographer Antoine Maurin dit l'aîné (1793 - 1860).
For Isabella II as a child, see ref. 19410.
[Ref: 34517]   £95.00   (£114.00 incl.VAT)
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Dom Miguel.
Dom Miguel.
A. Maurin 1832 [in image]. Lith. de Lemercier rue du Four S.G. No.35
Paris chez Chaillou Editeur rue St Honoré No. 140
Lithograph, image 165 x 110mm (6½ x 4½"). Wove paper; uncut sheet; foxing; publisher's blindstamp.
Miguel I (1802-66), King of Portugal (1828-34). A son of João VI, Miguel revolted against his father, who exiled him to Vienna. After the death of João VI, the heir-apparent Pedro remained in Brazil, where he had become Emperor. Pedro abdicated the portuguese throne in favour of his daughter Maria regent of Portugal, but Miguel deposed her in 1828, with the support of the British Prime Minister, the Duke of Wellington. In 1831 Pedro abdicated the Brazilian throne and led an invasion of Portugal, beginning a three-year civil war which ended with Miguel abdicating. He spent the rest of his life in exile in Italy, England and Germany. From a series of portraits by lithographer Antoine Maurin dit l'aîné (1793 - 1860).
For Maria II, see ref. 34516; for Pedro, see 34519; for a British satire criticizing Wellington's stance towards Miguel, see ref. 30580.
[Ref: 34520]   £90.00   (£108.00 incl.VAT)
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Nicolas 1.er.
Nicolas 1.er. Empereur de Russie
A. Maurin 1832 [in image]. Lith. de Lemercier rue du Four S.G. No.35
Paris chez Chaillou Editeur rue St Honoré No. 140
Lithograph, image 180 x 110mm (7 x 4¼"). Wove paper; uncut sheet; publisher's blindstamp.
Nicholas I (1796-1855), Emperor of Russia from 1825 until his death. Although he led the Imperial Russian Army in the unsuccessful Crimean War, Nicholas helped to create an independent Greek state and seized several territories in the Caucasus, defeating the Ottoman and Persian Empires in the wars of the 1820s. Under his rule, the Russian Empire reached its greatest extent of over 20 million square kilometres. From a series of portraits by lithographer Antoine Maurin dit l'aîné (1793 - 1860).
For Nicholas triumphant in battle see ref. 29832; for satirical representations of Nicholas see refs. 22270 and 30550.
[Ref: 34514]   £130.00   (£156.00 incl.VAT)
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[Sweden] Charles Jean XIV.
[Sweden] Charles Jean XIV. Roi de Suède et de Norvege.
A. Maurin 1836 [in image]. Lith. de Lemercier rue du Four S.G. No.35
Paris chez Chaillou Editeur rue St Honoré No. 140
Lithograph, image 155 x 130mm (6 x 5"). Wove paper; uncut sheet; foxing to margins; publisher's blindstamp.
Charles XIV John (1763-1844), king of Sweden and Norway. Born Jean Bernadotte in France, he served as a general in Napoleon's army before being stripped of his command for acting contrary to Napoleon's commands. He was then unexpectedly elected the heir-presumptive to the elderly swedish king Charles XIII, assuming the throne in 1818 and ruling until his death. From a series of portraits of European monarchs by lithographer Antoine Maurin dit l'aîné (1793 - 1860).
For Bernadotte when a soldier, see ref. 28215.
[Ref: 34521]   £120.00   (£144.00 incl.VAT)
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