[France] Louis. Philippe. I.
Se vend à Paris au Bureau de Trésor de Numismatique et de Glyptique, Rue du Colombier, 30 et chez Rittner et Goupil, Boulevart montmartre, 15. [n.d., c.1830.]
Line engraving. 617 x 485mm. 24¼" x 19".
Louis Philippe (6 October 1773 –26 August 1850) was King of the French from 1830 to 1848 in what was known as the July Monarchy. He was the last king to rule France. Louis Phillippe ruled in an unpretentious fashion, avoiding the pomp and lavish spending of his predecessors. Despite this outward appearance of simplicity, his support came from the wealthy middle classes. At first, he was much loved and called the "Citizen King" and the "bourgeois monarch," but his popularity suffered as his government was perceived as increasingly conservative and monarchical. Under his management the conditions of the working classes deteriorated, and the income gap widened considerably. An economic crisis in 1847 led to the citizens of France revolting against their king again the following year. On February 24, 1848, during the February 1848 Revolution, to general surprise, King Louis Philippe abdicated in favor of his nine-year-old grandson, Philippe. Fearful of what had happened to Louis XVI, Louis Philippe quickly disguised himself and fled Paris. Riding in an ordinary cab under the name of "Mr. Smith", he escaped to England. According to The Times of March 6, 1848, the King and Queen were received at Newhaven, East Sussex before travelling by train to London. The National Assembly initially planned to accept young Philippe as king, but the strong current of public opinion rejected that. On February 26, the Second Republic was proclaimed. Prince Louis Napoleon Bonaparte was elected President in December; a few years later he declared himself president for life and then Emperor Napoleon III. Louis Philippe and his family lived in England until his death in Claremont, Surrey. He is buried with his wife, Amelia (April 26, 1782–March 24, 1866), at the Chapelle Royale, the family necropolis he had built in 1816, in Dreux.
[Ref: 8321] £180.00