Torre de S. Roque chamada vulgarmente Torre do Patriarcha.Tour de S. Roch nommee vulgairement Tour du Patriarche.
Avec privilège du Roy. [Published by Le Bas, Jacques François Blondel, and Veuve Chéreau, Paris, 1757.]
Etching, image 253 x 360mm. Trimmed within plate.
The tower of San Roque in Lisbon after its destruction in the Lisbon earthquake of 1755. The Great Lisbon Earthquake took place on November 1, 1755 at around 9:40 in the morning. The earthquake was followed by a tsunami and fire, which caused near-total destruction of the city and adjoining areas. Estimates place the death toll between 60,000 to 100,000 people, making it one of the most destructive earthquakes in history. The earthquake accentuated political tensions in Portugal and profoundly disrupted the country's eighteenth century colonial ambitions. The event was widely discussed and dwelt upon by European Enlightenment philosophers, and inspired major developments in theodicy and in the philosophy of the sublime. As the first earthquake studied scientifically for its effects over a large area, it led to the birth of modern seismology. Plate 1 from a series consisting of a titleplate and six views, 'Recueil des plus belles ruines de Lisbonne causées par le tremblement et par le feu du premier Novembre 1755'. The artists, MM. Paris and Pedegache were probably amateur local artists. The series was advertised by Le Bas in the 'Mercure de France' in March 1758 at the price of 12 livres on grand papier de chapelet, and 10 livres on grand raisin. A set of six piracies of the views was published by Robert Sayer in London (see 7971).
[Ref: 7972] £130.00