King Charles Takeing Leave Of His Children 29th. Jan. 1648/9.The King was permitted to see his Children whilst Prisoner at Hampton Court...[etc.]
[John Bowles, London, c.1750.]
Engraving, sheet 410 x 440mm. Trimmed within plate, glued to album page. Lower right corner extremity missing.
In January 1649, in response to Charles's defiance of Parliament even after defeat, and his encouraging the second Civil War while in captivity, the House of Commons passed an Act of Parliament creating a court for Charles's trial. After the first Civil War, the parliamentarians accepted the premise that the King, although wrong, had been able to justify his fight, and that he would still be entitled to limited powers as King under a new constitutional settlement. It was now felt that by provoking the second Civil War even while defeated and in captivity, Charles showed himself incorrigible, dishonourable, and responsible for unjustifiable bloodshed. The idea of trying a king was a novel one; previous monarchs had been deposed, but had never been brought to trial as monarchs. The High Court of Justice established by the Act consisted of 135 Commissioners but only about half of that number ever sat in judgement (all firm Parliamentarians); the prosecution was led by Solicitor General John Cooke. Engraved by Nathaniel Parr.
[Ref: 7916] £120.00