The Right Hon.ble William Lord Auckland.From an Original Picture, Painted in 1792, for Christ Church, Oxford.
London, Publish'd Feb.y 24, 1796, by W.Dickinson.
Mezzotint. 510 x 355mm.
William Eden (1744 - 1814), 1st Baron Auckland, English statesman.educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford, and was called to the bar at the Middle Temple in 1768. In 1771 he published Principles of Penal Law, and soon became a recognized authority on commercial and economic questions. In 1772 he took up an appointment as an under-Secretary of State. He represented New Woodstock in the parliaments of 1774 and 1780, and Heytesbury in those of 1784 and 1790. In 1776 he became a commissioner on the Board of Trade and Plantations. In 1778 he carried an Act for the improvement of the treatment of prisoners, and accompanied the earl of Carlisle as a commissioner to North America on an unsuccessful mission to settle certain disputes with certain colonists there. On his return in 1779 he published his widely-read Four Letters to the Earl of Carlisle, and in 1780 became Chief Secretary for Ireland. He gained election to the Irish House of Commons as the member for Dungannon and became a member of the Irish Privy Council. While in Ireland he established the National Bank. In 1840 Gov. Hobson selected and named the site of Auckland after him, now the capital of New Zealand. For a short period it was called Bishop's Auckland.
Kivell & Spence: pg.104
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