Commemoration Of The Victory Of June 1st. MDCCXCIV
Pub, by R.Bowyer,1802. Historic Gallery, Pall Mall.
Line engraving. Plate 800 x 424mm. Proof, large sheet.
Britania overlooks the battle from a headland where an oak carries the portraits of Howe, Bridport, Paisley, Bowyer, Gardner, Caldwell, Graves - underneath are the portraits of Montague, Pigott, Mackenzie, Pringle, Curtis, H. Harvey, Parker, J. Harvey, Molloy, Bazeley, Gambier, H. Seymour, Cotton, Pakenham, Collingwood, Douglass, Duckworth, Payne, Berkeley, Bertie, Domett, Hutt, Nicols, Westcott, Schomberg, Elphinstone, Hope. The Glorious First of June (also known as the Third Battle of Ushant and in French as the Bataille du 13 prairial an 2) was a naval battle fought in the Atlantic Ocean on June 1, 1794 between the Royal Navy and the navy of Revolutionary France. It was the first major naval battle of the French Revolutionary Wars. On the 1st of June and at about a quarter past eight Howe bore down on the French, throwing his whole line on them at once from end to end, with orders to pass through from windward to leeward, and so to place the British ships on the French ships' line of retreat. It was a bold departure from the then established methods of fighting, and most honourable in a man of sixty-eight, who had been trained in the old school. Its essential merit was that it produced a close mêlée, in which the better average gunnery and seamanship of the British fleet would tell. Lord Howe's orders were not fully obeyed by all his captains, but a signal victory was won. The battle rapidly turned into a general mêlée which lasted all day. The French ships Sans-Pareil, Juste, America, Impétueux, Northumberland, and Achille were taken, and the Vengeur du Peuple sank after a four-hour duel with HMS Brunswick. When the French withdrew, many of the British ships were in no condition to pursue: Defence and Marlborough were completely dismasted and had to be towed back to port.
[Ref: 5572] £490.00