Gasto Franciae Dux Aureliacus [...]
Engraving with accompanying letterpress sheet, 17th century watermark; each 470 x 350mm (18½ x 13¾") very large margins.
Gaston, Duke of Orléans (1608-60), third son of Henri IV and Marie' de Medici, and brother of Louis XIII. Gaston's life involved numerous political intrigues, and he twice fled France following plots against his mother and Cardinal Richelieu. During the wars of the Fronde (1648-53) in France, he passed from one side to the other without loyalty, and was exiled by Cardinal Mazarin at their conclusion. From 'Les Portraits des Hommes Illustres Francois qui sont Peints dans la Galerie du Palais Cardinal de Richelieu' (1660). The book reproduces the portraits of great men (and women) hanging in Richelieu's 'Galerie des hommes illustres' by Simon Vouet and Philippe de Champaigne (in which Gaston was perhaps surprisingly included, given his history with Richelieu). The final 'illustrious figure' was Richelieu himself.
[Ref: 40072] £260.00