[Henri IV of France]Henricus Magnus IIIIid Rex Gallorum [...]
Engraving with accompanying letterpress sheet, 17th century watermark; each 470 x 350mm (18½ x 13¾"). Large margins on 3 sides. Remargined on left.
Henri IV (1553-1610), king of France from 1589 until his death. Baptised as a Catholic but raised as a Protestant, the conflict between the two faiths in 16th century France was the leitmotif of Henri's rule. He had already led Protestant forces against the royal army before succeeding his brother-in-law and distant cousin Henri III as king of France, and although he promulgated the Edict of Nantes in 1598 which effectively ended the French Wars of Religion, the underlying tensions remained. Despite his moderacy, Henri was viewed with suspicion by both Catholics and Protestants, and after surviving at least twelve assassination attempts, he was murdered by the fanatical Catholic François Ravaillac in 1610. From 'Les Portraits des Hommes Illustres Francois qui sont Peints dans la Galerie du Palais Cardinal de Richelieu' (1660). The book reproduces the portraits of great men (and women) hanging in Richelieu's 'Galerie des hommes illustres' by Simon Vouet and Philippe de Champaigne (although only four of the original paintings survive). The final 'illustrious figure' was Richelieu himself.
[Ref: 40068] £240.00