[Francis, Duke of Guise]Franciscus a Lotharin gia Dux Guisius
Engraving with accompanying letterpress sheet, 17th century watermark; each 470 x 350mm (18½ x 13¾") Tear to engraving lower right. Small margins on left repaired. Good repair in centre.
Francis, Duke of Guise (1519-63), French soldier and politician. Husband of Anna d'Este and uncle of Mary, Queen of Scots, his military triumphs included defending Metz against Emperor Charles V in 1552 and capturing Calais from England in 1558. In religion Guise was strongly Catholic, which served him well during the reign of Francis II but after the king's death, the favour that regent Catherine de' Medici showed towards Protestants led Guise to become part of the 'triumvirate' defending the Catholic cause. The disputes between Protestants and Catholics eventually led not just to Guise's assassination by a Huguenot, but the French Wars of Religion (1562-98). From 'Les Portraits des Hommes Illustres Francois qui sont Peints dans la Galerie du Palais Cardinal de Richelieu' (1660). The book reproduces the portraits of great men hanging in Richelieu's 'Galerie des hommes illustres' by Simon Vouet and Philippe de Champaigne (although only four of the original paintings survive). The final 'illustrious figure' was Richelieu himself.
[Ref: 39894] £240.00