Joseph ThayendanekenThe Mohawk Chief
Published by Alex.r Hogg
Rare engraving with 4pp. letterpress, sheets 210 x 130mm (8¼ x 5"). Cut to margins.
Thayendanegea or Joseph Brant (1743-1807), leader of the Mohawk Indians, based in present-day New York, who was closely associated with Great Britain during and after the American Revolution, and met many of the most significant figures of the time, including George Washington and King George III. He was educated at an Anglican mission school in Lebanon, Connecticut, and fought for the British during the Seven Years' War and the American War of Independence. In 1775 he travelled to London to seek assurance that Mohawk support for the British cause would be rewarded by fair treatment in respect of land rights. When the treaty of 1783 and the formation of the United States of America failed to protect native lands (Brant claimed 'England had Sold the Indians to Congress'), Brant negotiated territory along the Grand River on the north shore of Lake Erie for the Iroquois people (of whom the Mohawks were a part). In order to secure promised compensation for losses suffered by Native Americans who had supported Britain, he travelled again to London in 1785-6. The remaining decades of Brant's life were marked by concern to maintain Iroquois interests and to prevent encroachment on traditional lands by European and American settlers as it became ever more difficult to do so. Print from a drawing in the collection of Dr Johnson's biographer James Boswell, published in the 'Wonderful Magazine', with letterpress biography of Brant explaining 'we have procured for the satisfaction of our readers, a print of him in the dress of his nation, which gives him a more striking appearance; for when he wore the ordinary European habit, there did not seem to be any thing about him that marked pre-eminence'.
[Ref: 39623] £260.00