Fort of Mahomed Khan. - near Cabul.
[London: H. Graves & Co., 1842.]
Tinted lithograph with large margins. Printed area 290 x 380mm (11½ x 15").
A view looking past a group of camping Afghans to the fortress of Dost Mohammad Khan (1793-1863). It was his negotiations for help from the Russians that led the British to invade Afghanistan in 1839. Forced into exile by the British, he returned in triumph in 1842. During the British invasion the Battle of Ghazni (July 23rd 1839) was a significant victory: the loss of the city caused the Afghan ruler, Dost Muhammad, to ask for terms of surrender, but finding them unacceptable, he fled Kabul. From 'Sketches in Afghanistan' by James Atkinson (1780-1852), 'Superintending Surgeon of the Army of the Indus, Bengal Division' during the ill-fated British expedition into Afghanistan (1838-42). A Persian scholar and linguist, Atkinson has been described as 'a Renaissance man among Anglo-Indians'. Because of his languages he met many of the Afghan protagonists, including both Shah Shoojah-ool-Moolk and Dost Mohammad Khan. Fortunately he left the British garrison in 1840 to take another post, thus avoiding the disastrous retreat from Kabul in 1842. In his book 'The Expedition into Afghanistan', also published 1842, he compared the British presence in Afghanistan to Sisyphus rolling his stone up the hill.
Abbey Travel: 508.
[Ref: 35508] £260.00