Etienne Calvel, de Toulouse
Etching and aquatint with large margins, platemark 130 x 90mm (5 x 3¾"). Good impression.
French author Etienne Calvel, made by Edme Quénedey (1756 - 1830), a miniature painter and engraver, who made much use of the physionotrace. This was a mechanised drawing instrument that could reproduce the outline profile of a portrait. It was invented by Gilles-Louis Chretien, who engraved Quenedey’s portraits from 1787 to 1789, in 1786. Chretien and Quenedey founded a very successful portrait studio in Paris together in 1788. Between 1786 – c.1810 there were only two studios in Paris which produced a relatively small number of physionotrace engravings. Consequently very few of these intriguing portraits are preserved today. Because of their origins and the realism physionotrace portraits have, they can be seen as true photo-graphic objects and are therefore classified as a forerunner of photography.
[Ref: 35222] £180.00