Tabula Itineris Decies Mille Graecorum sub Cyro contra fratrem Artaxerxem Regem Persarum.
Coloured engraving with very large margins. 415 x 490mm (16¼ x 19¼"). Paper age-toned.
A classical map of Turkey, Persia and Cyprus, illustrating the march of the 'Ten Thousand' (401-399 BC). These Greek mercenaries joined Cyrus the Younger in his attempt to wrest the Persian Empire from his brother Artaxerxes II. They fought the Battle of Cunaxa, during which they scattered their opponents with only one of their number wounded, but Cyrus had been killed, making their victory irrelevant and the expedition a failure. Turning for home, they lost their leaders to a treacherous Persian invitation to a feast but, after electing new leaders, they escaped to the sea. The story of the expedition is known through the 'Anabasis' of Xenophon, one of the later leaders, which is thought to have inspired Philip of Macedon and his son Alexander to take on Persia.
[Ref: 35144] £140.00