[Brazil] Dom Pedro.
Paris chez Chaillou Editeur rue St Honoré No. 140
Lithograph, image 165 x 110mm (6½ x 4½"). Wove paper; uncut sheet; foxing; publisher's blindstamp.
Pedro I (1798-1834), founder and first ruler of the Empire of Brazil. The child of king João VI of Portugal, Pedro fled to Brazil (then Portugal's richest colony) with his family when their homeland was invaded by France in 1807. After João returned to Portugal in 1820, Pedro remained in Brazil to rule as regent. Pedro oversaw the transition to Brazilian independence. He was also briefly king Pedro IV of Portugal before abdicating in favour of his daughter Maria II. In 1828 Pedro's brother Miguel usurped Maria as portuguese ruler, while numerous difficulties in Brazil (such as the scandal arising from an affair with a female courtier) made Pedro's position increasingly untenable. In 1831 Pedro abdicated the Brazilian throne in favour of his son (Pedro II) and sailed for Europe. He led an invasion of Portugal in 1832 which eventually returned Maria to the throne shortly before his own death in 1834. From a series of portraits by lithographer Antoine Maurin dit l'aîné (1793 - 1860).
For Maria II, see ref. 34516.
[Ref: 34519] £90.00