Richard Parker.Engraved from an original Drawing, taken on board the Neptune, during his Trial.
London. Publsihed July 14.th 1797 _by W. Nichol, No. 51, St. Pauls Church Yard.
Engraving with large margins on 3 sides, rare. Platemark: 165 x 110mm (6½ x 4¼"). Trimmed close to left platemark. Very slight foxing.
Richard Parker (1767 - 1797) was an English sailor executed for his role as president of the so-called 'Floating Republic', a naval mutiny which took place at the Nore, at the mouth of the Thames Estuary, between 12 May and 16 June 1797. Upon his arrival at the Nore, one of the bases of the North Sea fleet, Parker was assigned to the ship 'HMS Sandwich' which was widely regarded as one of the worst in terms of its squalid and overcrowded conditions. It was on the 'Sandwich', on 12 May, that the Nore mutiny broke out. Parker played no role in organizing the mutiny, but he was soon invited by the mutineers to join their ranks, and was subsequently appointed 'President of the Delegates of the Fleet' due to his obvious intelligence, education, and empathy with the suffering of the sailors. On June 11th, 1797, a bounty of £600 was put on Parkers head. On June 14th he gave himself up and was escorted ashore. The mutiny collapsed at this point, with some men escaping to the continent. Parker was tried on HMS Neptune, charged with Acts of Mutiny, Disobedience of Orders and Contempt of Officer's Authority. Parker represented himself and managed to obtain some beneficial admissions from officers and captains. Despite his best efforts, he was found guilty and sentenced to death. On the morning of his execution he drank a glass of white wine. He was buried in Whitechapel, London.
[Ref: 34330] £130.00