Olivier Cromwell Luytenant Generael van de Armee vant Parlement van Engeland.
[published by Clement de Jonghe, c.1653-8.]
Etching. Sheet 250 x 200mm (9¾ x 8"). Trimmed to plate, mounted on album paper. Some staining & damage; repaired tears.
An anti-Commonwealth portrait of Oliver Cromwell, still giving his military rank rather than 'Lord Protector', his rank post 1653. Among the allegorical figures in the borders are several references to his desire to be made king. This print originated as a portrait of Dirk Rafaelsz. Camphuysen (1586-1627), painter, poet and cleric by Cornelis Visscher after Caspar Casteleyn. The portrait was subsequently changed to that of Cromwell, the text changed, and new vignettes added in the top corners. The three female personifications are substantially the same as for the Camphuysen state, but they have been subtly changed to yield different meanings in the new context.
O'D 92; for the Camphuysen portrait see BM 1852,1211.23
[Ref: 31756] £260.00