Dr. Halley.Engraved for the Universal Magazine.
Engraving. Plate 185 x 115mm (7¼ x 4½").
Edmond Halley (1656-1742) the astronomer, scientist and naturalist, famed for the discovery of the comet which bears his name. While at Oxford University, Halley was introduced to John Flamsteed, the astronomer royal. Influenced by Flamsteed's project to compile a catalogue of northern stars, Halley proposed to do the same for the Southern Hemisphere. To this end in 1676 he travelled to the South Atlantic island of St Helena. By the time he returned home in January 1678 he had recorded the celestial longitudes and latitudes of 341 stars and observed a transit of Mercury across the Sun's disk. Halley's star catalogue of 1678 was the first to contain telescopically determined locations of southern stars and in the same year he was elected a fellow of the Royal Society. In 1704, Halley was appointed Savilian professor of geometry at Oxford University, but continued his work in astronomy. Halley succeeded Flamsteed as astronomer royal at Greenwich.
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