Ant.ne Laurent Lavoisier (Chimiste),Membre de l’Académie royale des Sciences. Né à Paris le 16 Aout 1745 Mort à Paris le 8 Avril 1794!!!
Stipple. 210 x 145mm (8¼ x 5¾"). Crease to lower right.
Portrait of the 'father of modern chemistry', who was also administrator of the 'ferme génerale', which during the ancien regime collected duties on behalf of the king. He was guillotined in 1794. Antoine Laurent Lavoisier (1743-1794) was a French nobleman prominent in the histories of chemistry and biology. He stated the first version of the law of conservation of mass, recognized and named oxygen (1778) and hydrogen (1783), abolished the phlogiston theory, helped construct the metric system, wrote the first extensive list of elements, and helped to reform chemical nomenclature. He was an investor and administrator of the "Ferme Générale" a private tax collection company; chairman of the board of the Discount Bank (later the Banque de France); and a powerful member of a number of other aristocratic administrative councils. All of these political and economic activities enabled him to fund his scientific research. At the height of the French Revolution he was accused by Jean-Paul Marat of selling watered-down tobacco, and of other crimes, and was guillotined.
[Ref: 29622] £75.00