Nicolaus Copernicus. Geb. zu Thorn d.19 Febr. 1743. Gestorb. in Ermeland d.24 May. 1543.
[German.] [n.d. c.1810.]
Stipple. Plate 140 x 89mm (5½ x 3½"). Cut to plate on right.
Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543), the mathematician and first astronomer to formulate a comprehensive heliocentric cosmology, which displaced the Earth from the centre of the universe. Prior to the work of Copernicus, the Earth was considered to be the stationary centre of the universe, a notion first advocated by the Egyptian astronomer Ptolemy (c 90-168 AD). Copernicus's pioneering work 'The Revolutions of Celestial Spheres' (1543) describes his idea of a Sun-centred universe, in which the Earth is merely one of the planets revolving around the Sun and rotating on its axis. From "Allgemeine Geographische Ephemeriden".
[Ref: 29535] £140.00