Lithograph. 330 x 240mm (13 x 9½").
Thayendanegea or Joseph Brant (1743-1807) was a Mohawk military and political leader, based in present-day New York, who was closely associated with Great Britain during and after the American Revolution. He met many of the most significant figures of the time, including George Washington and King George III. He was educated at an Anglican mission school and lifelong ally of the British, and fought as a young man against the French and later during the War of American Independence. In 1775 he travelled to London to gain assurance that Mohawk support for the British cause would be rewarded by fair treatment in respect of land rights. When the treaty of 1783 and the formation of the United States of America failed to protect native lands, Brant negotiated territory along the Grand River on the north shore of Lake Erie for the Iroquois people (of whom the Mohawks were a part). In order to secure promised compensation for losses suffered by Native Americans who had supported Britain, he travelled again to London in 1785-6. The remaining decades of Brant's life were marked by concern to maintain Iroquois interests and to prevent encroachment on traditional lands by European and American settlers. From Brodtmann's "History of Mammals".
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