Catherine Howard Queen of K Henry VIII.in the Collection of Mr. Richardson.
[n.d. c.1739 bit later.]
Engraving with very large margins. Plate 368 x 228mm (14½ x 9"). Some creasing.
Catherine Howard (c.1521-1542), fifth wife of Henry VIII of England. She was beheaded after less than two years of marriage to Henry on the grounds of treason, meaning adultery committed while married to the King. Catherine was stripped of her title as queen and imprisoned in Syon House, Middlesex, through the winter of 1541. Catherine's relatives were also detained in the Tower, except her uncle Thomas, Duke of Norfolk, who had sufficiently detached himself from the scandal. All of the Howard prisoners were tried, found guilty of concealing treason, and sentenced to life imprisonment and forfeiture of goods. In time, however, they were released with their goods restored. Catherine herself remained in suspension until Parliament passed a bill of attainder, on 21 January 1542, that made it treason – punishable by death – for a queen consort to fail to disclose her sexual history to the king within 20 days of their marriage, or to incite someone to have adultery with her. This solved the matter of Catherine's supposed pre-contract and made her unequivocally guilty. Catherine was taken to the Tower of London on 10 February 1542. On 11 February, Henry signed the bill of attainder into law, and Catherine's execution was scheduled for 7 a.m. on 13 February. From Birch's 'Heads of Illustrious Persons of Great Britain'.
[Ref: 28756] £95.00