[France] Antoine Laurent Lavoisier,Fermier Général né a Paris ke 16 Aout 1743. Jugé le 16 Floréal l'an 2.
[Paris: Auber, 1804.]
Mezzotint and etching. 430 x 285mm (17 x 11¼"). Outside edges foxed.
Antoine Laurent Lavoisier (1743-1794) was a French nobleman prominent in the histories of chemistry and biology, known as the 'father of modern chemistry'. He stated the first version of the law of conservation of mass, recognized and named oxygen (1778) and hydrogen (1783), abolished the phlogiston theory, helped construct the metric system, wrote the first extensive list of elements, and helped to reform chemical nomenclature. He was an investor and administrator of the "Ferme Générale" a private tax collection company; chairman of the board of the Discount Bank (later the Banque de France); and a powerful member of a number of other aristocratic administrative councils. All of these political and economic activities enabled him to fund his scientific research. Before the Revolution he was an administrator of the 'ferme génerale', which during the ancien regime collected duties on behalf of the king, but at its height he was accused by Jean-Paul Marat of selling adulterated tobacco and was guillotined in 1794.
[Ref: 28225] £80.00