[Captain John Eyre's Map and 12 views of the Defences of London During the Civil War.]
15 etchings, each c. 210 x 330mm & map 230 x 290mm. Tear in map
Part of a set of forgeries published by Peter Thompson in 1852 under the pseudonym 'Captain John Eyre' as part of 'Eyre's Fortifications of London, 1643.' Thompson crafted a complete biography and genealogy for Captain John Eyre, making Captain John Eyre the descendent of the real fifteenth century Lord Mayor of London, Simon Eyre, and claiming that fictional Captain John Eyre and the real Wenceslaus Hollar (1607-1677) shared an artistic camaraderie, often sketching together, etc. The group of drawings was exhibited to the Archaeological Association in 1852. This group of drawings consists of sketches from different perspectives of the fortifications erected around London by Parliamentary forces during the Civil War in 1642- 3. Includes a map titled 'Plan of the Fortifications – 1643. Also, The Old Walls Of London'. Also a three-sheet prospect: 'A View of London from the North showing the Fortifications from Whitechapel to Tothill Fields 1642 & 1643'. Then follows 9 more detailed views of specific sections of defences, with numbers corresponding to facsimile annotations above. As the images were actually made by Peter Thompson in the nineteenth century and not by Captain John Eyre in the seventeenth century, the elaborate ramparts depicted in the set of drawings actually bear no resemblance to the hastily constructed earthwork forts built during the Civil War. Beginning in 1853, the public began to question Eyre's existence and Thompson's collection of works by Eyre and Hollar was called into question.
[Ref: 264] £680.00