Trelawney Town, the Chief Residence of the Maroons.
Engraving, rare. Plate 297 x 255mm. 11¾ x 10".
The Maroons formed two distinct communities in the mountains of central Jamaica, known as ‘cockpit country’. They were composed of runaway slaves and their descendents. The word ‘maroon’ derives from the Spanish ‘cìmarron’ meaning ‘wild’, and maroon communities frequently settled in areas across the Caribbean that were outside the control of European colonial powers. They had a troubled relationship with British authorities. In 1730, in a treaty signed by the governor of Jamaica and Cudjoe, the Maroon leader, the Maroons’ land was secured in exchange for their loyalty to Britain. In the peace that followed, the Maroons were true to their word, returning runaways and helping to put down slave insurrections. Despite this, the British were always wary of the Maroons, who remained outside their control. During the revolutionary crisis of the 1790s, this fear of the Maroons resulted in Britain turning a minor confrontation into an all-out war, and many Maroons were exiled. The communities survived, however, and their descendants live in Jamaica to this day. From "The History, Civil and Commercial, of the British Colonies in the West Indies".
Royal Museums of Greenwich: ZBA2523.
[Ref: 26074] £220.00