[Mary Queen of Scots.]
Engraving, proof before letters. Plate 185 x 114mm. 7¼ x 4½".
Mary Queen of Scots (1542-1587), Mary Stuart, was queen regnant of Scotland and queen consort of France. She first married Francis II of France until he passed away and she then married her first cousin, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, however following an explosion at their house, he was found dead. She soon married James Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell, who was generally believed to be Darnley's murderer. Following an uprising against the couple, Queen Mary was imprisoned in Loch Leven Castle and forced to abdicate in favour of her one year old son, King James IV. After an unsuccessful attempt to regain the throne, she fled to England seeking the protection of Queen Elizabeth I of England. However Mary had previously claimed Elizabeth's throne as her own and was considered the legitimate sovereign of England by many English Catholics, so seen as a threat, Elizabeth had her arrested. After almost 19 years in custody, she was tried and executed for treason for her alleged involvement in three plots to assassinate Elizabeth. In this print the crown alludes to the monarchy, and an axe to Mary's execution.
[Ref: 24946] £80.00