Het Goudryk gewest Guiana tot de Drywersze Scheepstogten van den Ridder Walter Raleigh afgebakend.
Engraved map, with very large margins. 225 x 295mm. 9 x 11½". Top edge of wide margins torn.
A map of the nothern part of South America and the West Indies, decorated with an illustrated title cartouche of Raleigh and his men, within a decorative border, published for a Dutch edition of his account of his mission in search of El Dorado. Raleigh learned of the legend of El Dorado, the 'City of Gold', and mounted an expedition to South America in search of it in 1595. He explored what is now Guyana and eastern Venezuela in search of Manoa, and published an account, 'The Discovery of Guiana', in which he exaggerated the success of his searches. He described El Dorado/Manoa as a city on a huge 'Lake Parime' far up the Orinoco River in Guyana. This city is marked on the map that accompanied his account, which this map copies, and both lake and city appear on maps of the area until their existence was disproved by Alexander von Humboldt at the end of the C18th. After a decade in the Tower of London for treason, Raleigh mounted another expedition to find El Dorado in 1616. Because some of his men attacked a Spanish settlement on the Orinoco, Raleigh was re-arrested on his return to England and executed (the original sentence for his earlier treason) to applease the Spanish ambassador. This example comes from Pieter van der Aa's 'Galerie Agréable du Monde', a sixty-six volume work issued supposedly in only 100 copies. Each plate was printed within a separately-printed, frame-like border, an innovation that allowed maps to be lavishly decorated without much additional work.
[Ref: 24138] £220.00