[Siege of Copenhagen, 1658.]
Large and impressive etched prospect on laid paper from two sheets conjoined, very scarce. 260 x 695mm, 10¼ x 27¼". Several vertical folds, as normal; two small tears to small margins left and right good margin top and bottom.
Lettered in German, with inset key and title to banner in sky above. Panorama of the battlefield during the Siege of Copenhagen by Swedish king Charles X Gustav during the Dano-Swedish War (1658 – 1660); from raised ground behind the besieging forces. The Swedish army surrounded Copenhagen, hoping to starve it into submission. This failed when the Dutch Republic joined the conflict on the Danish side and a reinforcing fleet managed to smash its way through the Swedish naval forces in Øresund. Charles then tried a decisive assault on the city, hoping to conquer it and win the war; this plan likewise failed. Brandenburg, Poland and Austria then also joined the war against the Swedes. On August 11, 1658 Charles X and his forces reached Valby hill (current day Frederiksberg) from where they could overlook the Danish capital. That same day the city gates were closed and would not open again for another 22 months. A Swedish fleet of 28 ships blocked the harbour, preventing resupply by sea. The siege had begun. Over 200 heated shot a day were hurled into the city, and several large howitzers were brought to bombard the Danish capital, but the citizens of Copenhagen proved to be resilient and endured the constant barrage. Charles X fell ill in early 1660 and died in February of 1660. The peace treaty of 1660 established political borders between Denmark, Sweden and Norway which have lasted to the present day.
[Ref: 21257] £490.00