Monument Erected to the Memory of Sir Isaac Newton in Westminster Abbey.
Published by R. Bowyer, Historic Gallery, Pall Mall _ May 20, 1794.
Engraving, sheet 460 x 290mm. 18 x 11˝". Trimmed to plate.
Obelisk shaped monument with relief sculpture, Newton reclining on top of a casket or sarcophagus decorated with frieze; he gestures towards a scroll held by two cherubs to right, a female figure relining on a globe above at top. Sir Isaac Newton FRS (1643 - 1727) was a physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist, and theologian who is perceived and considered by a substantial number of scholars and the general public as one of the most influential men in history. His 1687 publication of the Philosophić Naturalis Principia Mathematica is considered to be among the most influential books in the history of science, laying the groundwork for most of classical mechanics. In this work, Newton described universal gravitation and the three laws of motion which dominated the scientific view of the physical universe for the next three centuries. Newton showed that the motions of objects on Earth and of celestial bodies are governed by the same set of natural laws by demonstrating the consistency between Kepler's laws of planetary motion and his theory of gravitation, thus removing the last doubts about heliocentrism and advancing the scientific revolution. In mechanics, Newton enunciated the conservation principles of momentum and angular momentum. In optics, he built the first practical reflecting telescope and developed a theory of colour based on the observation that a prism decomposes white light into the many colours that form the visible spectrum. He also formulated an empirical law of cooling and studied the speed of sound. In mathematics, Newton shares the credit with Gottfried Leibniz for the development of the differential and integral calculus. He also demonstrated the generalised binomial theorem, developed the so-called "Newton's method" for approximating the zeroes of a function, and contributed to the study of power series. From Bowyer's edition of David Hume's 'History of England'.
W: 2140. in the NPG. Ex Collection Norman Blackburn.
[Ref: 18486] £85.00