The Comb Makers.
Engraving. 200 x 155mm, 8 x 6". Trimmed, mounted in album paper.
The arms of the Comb-Makers of London, with three combs, a lion, and an elephant as a reference to their use of ivory. The Company was incorporated by Charles I in 1636. Various craft guilds were established in London as early as the 12th century, later becoming known as City Livery Companies because they often wore a distinctive livery or uniform (although the Comb-makers' Company had no livery or Hall). The companies decided who could work or trade in their crafts, controlling prices and wages, working conditions and welfare. In return for exercising rigorous quality control they received monopoly powers. In continental Europe, various revolutions in the 18th and 19th centuries swept away the guilds, but in England they continued, and several new Companies have appeared in recent years. From "Londons Armory Accuratly delineated in a Graphical display of all the Arms, Crests, Supporters, Mantles and Motto’s of every distinct Company and Corporate Societie in the Honourable City of London".
[Ref: 17849] £75.00