Carolina Mathildis D.G. Daniae Norveg: Vand: Gothor: Regina.Nata Princ: Wall: d: 22 Iul. 1751.
C. Gr: et Priv: S.C.R.Maj: Ac. [n.d. c.1780.]
Etching. 222 x 158mm. 8¾ x 6¼". Trimmed and laid on album page.
Caroline Matilda of Great Britain (1751-1775) was Queen of Denmark and Norway and was a member of the British Royal Family. At birth she was given the title HRH Princess Caroline Matilda, Princess of Wales. She married her cousin, Christian VII of Denmark at the age of fifteen. Christian never liked her in the first place, but after the birth of their first child, produced for the sake of the succession, he turned to a young courtesan. Caroline was left unhappy and spent many years alone, more so when he toured Europe in 1768. She took to walking in Copenhagen, scourned upon by the nation, as royal and noble Danish women normally only travelled by carriage. In 1769 with the return of Christian, there arrived Johann Friedrich Struensee, the new royal physician. He persuaded Christian to improve his relationship with Caroline, but she knew that Struensee was behind the improvements. The relationship grew stronger and by 1770 Struensee became Caroline's lover. As Christian's health deteriorated, Struensee used the King to wield his own power and Caroline became more confident. However, in 1772, both were arrested and he was executed some days later, and the marriage of Caroline and Christian was dissolved by divorce. She was deported on board a British Frigate and resided in Celle Castle, her brother's territory of Hanover. She never saw her children again.
See 17493 for Christian VII; and 17598 for Juliana Maria, who saw him restored to the throne.
[Ref: 17597] £60.00