[Mexico] El General Javier Mnia, Copia del Retrato Original Pintado.Pocos dias antes de su salida de Inglaterra, Que existe en poder de Tomas Broadwood.
Publicada en Londres por R. Ackermann. [n.d. c.1820.]
Stipple. 228 x 145mm. 9 x 5¾". Cut to the plate bottom and sides. Creasing and soiling to the lower edger.
Francisco Javier Mina (1789-1817) was a Spanish Lawyer and army officer and a Mexican revolutionary. As a rebel and guerilla who fled during the Peninsula War, he sought to form a large enough group to engage in full-scale military actions, but he was captured in 1810; later released following the collapse of Napoleon's governent in 1814. On returning to Spain he was appalled by the abolition of the democratic state, which was previously established under the Constitution of 1812. He was ironically forced to flee to France, where he was convinced by Servando Teresa de Mier, a Roman Catholic priest, that he could attack Spain from the colonies. Therefore in 1816 he took two ships to attack Spanish shipping in the Gulf of Mexico and setup a base in Texas. Two failed attempts, one escape later and a final capture in 1817 led to his execution by firing squad in the Fuerte de los Remedios region in Guanajuato, Mexico, aged only twenty-seven.
[Ref: 17279] £85.00