Syn Koninckl: Hoogheit, de Heer Prince van Orangjen,wert Capite in Generael gemaeckt den 25 Febr: 1672. [Dutch title to banner cartouche; William of Orange taking the oath as the new stadtholder of the Netherlands.]
Etching, 180 x 300mm. 7 x 11¾". Vertical fold (as normal).
The future King William III (1650 - 1702) behind a table in an interior of room, surrounded by officials, taking oath as the new Captain-General of the Dutch States Army, beneath a royal coat of arms. In view of the threat of an Anglo-French attack, the States of Gelderland wanted William to be appointed Captain-General as soon as possible, despite his youth and inexperience. On 15 December 1671 the States of Utrecht made this their official policy. On 19 January 1672 the States of Holland made a counterproposal: to appoint William for just a single campaign. The prince refused this and on 25 February a compromise was reached: an appointment by the States-General of the Netherlands for one summer, followed by a permanent appointment on his twenty-second birthday. Maurice of Nassau received the title of "Captain General of the Union" and "Admiral General" in 1587, which became hereditary - like the Stadtholder title, to the Orange-Nassau family, until taken away by the States General in 1786. The relationship between this print and an almost identical composition of a similar date (with different background) by Bernard Picart (item 16697, showing William taking the oath as stadtholder) is unclear; the one presumably copied and adapted from the other.
[Ref: 17211] £160.00