John Locke Esqr.
Published by G. Kearsly, No.46 Fleet Street. [n.d., c.1780.]
Copper engraving, 210 x 160mm. 8¼ x 6¼".
John Locke (1632 – 1704), influential philosopher and social contract theorist; oval portrait on a pedestal. Locke developed an alternative to the Hobbesian state of nature and argued a government could only be legitimate if it received the consent of the governed and protected the natural rights of life, liberty, and estate. If such consent was not given, argued Locke, citizens had a right of rebellion. Locke is one of the few major philosophers who became a minister of the government. Locke's ideas had an enormous influence on the development of political philosophy, and he is widely regarded as one of the most influential Enlightenment thinkers and contributors to liberal theory. His writings, along with those of the writings of many Scottish Enlightenment thinkers, influenced the American revolutionaries as reflected in the American Declaration of Independence. After Sir Godfrey Kneller (1646 - 1723), for 'Sketches from nature, in high preservation, by the most honourable masters. Containing upwards of one hundred and ten portraits, or characters, of the most conspicuous persons in the Kingdom'.
[Ref: 15265] £120.00