Maria Stuart. D.G. Scotiae & Franciae Regina.
Sold by E. Cooper at the 3 Pidgeons in Beford Street. [n.d. c.1740.]
Very fine and rare mezzotint. Mounted on an album page. Image 360 x 258mm. 14¼ x 10¼". Laid on sheet.
Mary I (1542-1587) was Queen of Scots from 14 December 1542 to 24 July 1567. She was the only surviving legitimate child of King James V. She was six days old when her father died and made her Queen of Scots. Her mother, Mary of Guise, assumed regency and her daughter was crowned nine months later. In 1558, she married Francis, Dauphin of France, who ascended the French throne as Francis II in 1559. However, Mary was not Queen of France for long; she was widowed on 5 December 1560. Following an uprising against her and James Hepburn, some years later, Mary was imprisoned in Loch Leven Castle and forced to abdicate the throne in favour of her one-year-old son, James VI. After an unsuccessful attempt to regain the throne, Mary fled to England seeking protection from her first cousin, Queen Elizabeth I, whose kingdom she hoped to inherit. Elizabeth, however, ordered her arrest, because of the threat presented by Mary, who was considered the rightful ruler of England by many English Catholics. After a long period of custody in England, she was tried and executed for treason following her involvement in three plots to assassinate Elizabeth and place herself on the English throne.
From the Belton House Collection assembled in the 18th Century by the Rt. Hon. John Ld. Brownlow, Baron Charleville, & Viscount Tyrconnel in the Kingdom of Ireland. Ex: Collection of The Hon. C. Lenno
[Ref: 12816] £280.00