Franciscus Rous Armig: Collegii Etonensis Praepositus. Anno Christi } 1656. Aetatis. 77.Adam the first, this Image claymes as his, Within, the Second Adams Image is. That is the hidden Face not seen by thee, But God it sees, and it Gods Face shall see.
Line engraving. 201 x 143mm. Trimmed.
Francis Rous or Rouse (1579-1659) was an English politician and a prominent Puritan. He was also Provost of Eton, and wrote several theological and devotional works. He took a leading part in Parliament: he was elected to Parliament for Cornwall in 1604 and 1656; for Truro 1626, 1640 and 1654; for Tregony 1628; and for Devon 1653. In the 1628 parliament he took part in the ferocious criticisms of Roger Mainwaring. In the Long Parliament Rous opened the debate on the legality of William Laud's new canons on 9 December 1640, and presented the articles of impeachment against John Cosin on 15 March 1641. When the Westminster Assembly was set up, 12 June 1643, he was nominated one of its lay assessors, and on 23 September 1643 he took the Solemn League and Covenant. He was chairman of the committee for ordination of ministers constituted on 2 October 1643 following, and a member of the committee of appeals appointed for the visitation of the University of Oxford on 1 May 1647. On 16 July 1648 he was sworn of the Derby House Committee. He was Speaker of the House during Barebone's Parliament of The Protectorate. In 1657 he offered a seat in Cromwell's House of Lords, but did not take it. He obtained many offices under the Commonwealth, among them that of provost of Eton College. At first a Presbyterian, he afterwards joined the Independents, in 1649. In early 1652 he served on the committee for propagation of the gospel, which framed an abortive scheme for a state church on a congregational plan. When Barebone's Parliament dissolved itself, Rous was sworn in on Oliver Cromwell's council of state. In 1654 he was on the committee for approbation of public preachers; he was also one of the committee appointed on 9 April 1656 to discuss the question of the kingship with Cromwell. He contributed works to various compilations, such as a sonnet and poems; although his main works where stand-alone theological papers and pamphlets. He was a versifier of the Psalms. His translation, with some modifications, was adopted by the Church and Parliament of Scotland for use in public worship, a position which it held almost exclusively until the middle of the 19th century. He was one of Cromwell’s peers and was called "the old illiterate Jew of Eton".
[Ref: 12557] £140.00